Know the Benefits and Challenges Faced by the ULPIN Scheme!

ULPIN is an abbreviation for Unique Land Parcel Identification Number. The Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP) includes the Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN). Land parcels are issued ULPINs based on their longitude and latitude coordinates, which are determined using exact surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.

When importing geo-referenced shape files into BhuNaksha, a NIC cadastral mapping tool, the Electronic Commerce Code Management Association (ECCMA) standards are used to produce ULPIN. Each land lot is issued a ULPIN, which is a 14-digit identifying number. ULPIN provides as a single, official source of information for land parcels, enabling residents and stakeholders to access integrated land services.

In this post, we will go through every facet of the ULPIN system, including its objectives, obstacles, and potential rewards. The ULPIN Scheme is an essential topic from the Government Schemes portion of the UPSC IAS Exam’s General Studies Paper-2 (Mains) syllabus.

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number Objectives

The principal goals of the ULPIN scheme are as follows:

  • Ensure that all land-related transactions are distinct and that all land titles are current.
  • To identify departments such as the Revenue Department, Survey & Settlement Department, Panchayat, Forest, and Registration Department that deal with lands and related matters.
  • To make affordable and readily accessible land-related services available to all citizens.

Advantages of ULPIN

The ULPIN Scheme is an important step towards India’s urgently required land reforms and offers the following advantages:

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  1. increased openness in property transactions and land records.
  2. current land registrations.
  3. exchange of land records between multiple ministries, financial institutions, and other stakeholders is done more easily and without fuss.
  4. Citizens receive single-window land record services.
  5. simpler land acquisition for construction projects.
  6. The Integrated Land Information Management System is also developed with the aid of an accurate and well-organized land record.
  7. By giving them correct information about land, ULPIN will also aid in the appropriate and accurate planning of various organizations.
  8. The government’s use of ULPIN would also save money since it will only cost 3 rupees every connection between Aadhaar and title documents and 5 rupees each transaction to validate the landowner’s Aadhar information.

Difficulties of Unique Land Parcel Identification

  1. As with any other government initiative, the ULPIN program faces obstacles alongside its numerous benefits.
  2. Access to digitalized land records data is hampered by the digital divide, notably in rural areas where limited digital literacy, the absence of digital hardware, and internet accessibility impede the digitalization of land records.
  3. In rural areas, there is a risk of increased reliance on intermediaries, which could result in higher out-of-pocket costs for the population.
  4. Aadhar-related issues, such as mismatched ID and biometric data, can prevent beneficiaries’ ULPIN numbers from being linked to the Aadhar database.
  5. Implementing ULPIN may also intersect with the Forest Rights Act (FRA) in forested regions, potentially undermining rights and increasing forest communities’ vulnerability.
  6. If the ULPIN scheme is implemented abruptly, it may exacerbate the complexity of land records and related matters.

The next phase of the government of India’s Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme is the Unique Land Parcel Identification Number Scheme, or ULPIN Scheme. The UPSC syllabus includes a significant section on government initiatives. The UPSC prelims test includes questions on several government programs each year.

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